Reproductive health is enshrined in Nepal's interim constitution.
— His Excellency Mr. Shanker Das Bairagi,
Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Nepal
Located along the Himalayas, Nepal is home to Mount Everest. This country has been characterized by a tumultuous political climate and transitioned from a constitutional monarchy to a federal democratic republic with an interim constitution in 2008. Since then, there have been numerous plans to agree upon a revised, permanent constitution, but deadlines have continually been missed due to political deadlock. An individual’s right to health, including reproductive health, however, is enshrined in the interim constitution.
The Resolve Award
The Resolve Award celebrates country-level, public sector leadership in driving innovations in reproductive health policy development, service delivery, and financing mechanisms. The Global Leaders Council for Reproductive Health recognizes national governments for their leadership and for serving as the hub around which civil society, the private sector, donors, and so many others engage.
Nepal was a 2012 Resolve Award winner for reproductive health innovations in financing mechanisms alleviating the financial burden on pregnant women. The country has prioritized addressing the high maternal mortality rate through holistic prevention approaches since 2005. The three components of the Aama program for Safe Motherhood and Neonatal health program are: free institutional deliveries, a safe delivery incentive program and cash disbursements incentivizing women to complete four prenatal visits.
•Nepal has seen significant increases in deliveries at facilities, going from 18 percent of births in 2006, to 33 percent in 2011
•Delivery by skilled health workers has gone from 19 percent to 36 percent in five years
•The Safe Motherhood and Neonatal health program is complimented by family planning services